Our Publications

Rosetting of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells with uninfected red blood cells enhances microvascular obstruction under flow conditions

The occurrence of rosetting of Plasmodium falciparum-infected human red blood cells (IRBC) with uninfected red blood cells (RBC) and its potential pathophysiologic consequences were investigated under flow conditions using the perfused rat mesocecum vasculature. Perfusion experiments were performed using two knobby (K+) lines of P falciparum, ie, rosetting positive (K+R+) and rosetting negative (K+R-). The infusion of K+R+ IRBC resulted in higher peripheral resistance (PRU) than K+R- IRBC (P less than .0012). Video microscopy showed that under conditions of flow, in addition to cytoadherence of K+R+ IRBC to the venular endothelium, rosette formation was also restricted to venules, especially in the areas of slow flow. Rosettes were absent in arterioles and were presumably dissociated by higher wall shear rates. The presence of rosettes in the venules must therefore reflect their rapid reformation …

Pathogenesis of liver involvement during dengue viral infections

The dengue virus can infect many cell types and cause diverse clinical and pathological effects. We describe clinical and experimental observations that suggest that liver involvement occurs during dengue infections, and we outline the possible role played by host immune responses in this process.

Enhancing immunity in viral infections, with special emphasis on COVID-19: A review

Background and aims: Balanced nutrition which can help in maintaining immunity is essential for prevention and management of viral infections. While data regarding nutrition in coronavirus infection (COVID-19) are not available, in this review, we aimed to evaluate evidence from previous clinical trials that studied nutrition-based interventions for viral diseases (with special emphasis on respiratory infections), and summarise our observations.

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